Ministry of Foreign Affairs And International
Relations of the Kingdom of Lesotho


About the APRM

Origins of the APRM

The APRM was born out of the 37th Summit of the Organization of African Unity - NEPAD 2001 in Lusaka, Zambia and the subsequent 1st African Union Summit in Durban, South Africa in 2002. The African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) is a joint effort by African leaders to engage the continent in nurturing and ensuring democracy and good political governance, economic development, good corporate governance and socio-economic development. A country submits itself to periodic reviews by its peers.

Lesotho joined the APRM in 2004. This was a bold step by the leadership. The process is not a scorecard but voluntary self–assessment and monitoring by States. Lesotho joined the APRM because of the dictates of imperative need for good governance, economic development, participatory democracy, peace and stability. The period covered by the review in Lesotho was 10yrs (1996 – 2006).

APRM Lesotho Chapter: The Process

Lesotho acceded to the APRM on 24th July, 2004. A National Consultative Workshop was held from 5 to 6 October, 2005 at ‘Manthabiseng Convention Centre, Maseru, with the aim to sensitize the nation by enabling stakeholders to appreciate the APRM and to create ownership of the process. Participation was by all stakeholders among which were Parliament, Youth, Women, Government, Churches, Media, People with disability, Trade unions and the Elderly. The following four APRM thematic areas were emphasized Democracy and Good Political Governance, Economic Governance and Management, Corporate Governance and Socio – Economic Development.

In July, 2006 a Cabinet rtium and the negotiations with the NGC were finalized and a contract signed on 19th November, 2007.

The two institutes were selected in order to ensure the APRM requirement that this was a national process and it should be given a national character thereby making the question of national ownership easier. Besides that they are effectively Lesotho’s two institutions with the requisite capacity in the area of research. The TRIs were however answerable to the NGC which commissioned them. The role of the TRIs was to undertake research, offer technical advice, prepare the Country Self-Assessment Report (CSAR) for the NGC and the National Plan of Action (NPoA). The research methodology entailed desk research, expert interviews, questionnaires and focus group discussions.

National Plan of Action (NPOA)

The NPoA was costed by the government planners led by the officials from the Ministry of Finance and Development Planning. The government ministries are basically the ones to implement the plan. The NPoA clearly shows who are implementers, monitors, and evaluators. However a Monitoring and Evaluation Team (M&E Team) is has been established. The NPoA complements the National budget and it is implemented over a period of 3 years, reporting every six months and yearly. The NGC is generally responsible for monitoring of the implementation of the NPoA.

Country Review Mission (CRM)

The Country Review Mission (CRM) visited Lesotho from Monday 23rd March – Thursday 9th April, 2009 and it was led by Prof. Adebayo Adedeji, Head Panelist and Chairperson of the Panel of Eminent Persons assisted by Dr. Chris Stals, former Head Panelist for Lesotho’s review. The purpose of the visit was to validate the CSAR, ensure finalization of the NPoA and prepare the Country Review Report (CRR), which will be presented at the Summit of the review of Lesotho in Sirte, Libya.

The CRM held Validation Workshops including in the districts, for State and non-state stakeholders, interacting with different sectors of the society including parliament, senate, judiciary, cabinet, ombudsman, elderly, youth, women, people with disability, expatriate community, NGOs, FBOs, etc. Following the submission of the CRR, the Government of Lesotho was given an opportunity to make comments or respond to the CRR and such comments were attached to the CSAR.


The nation has come to own the process due to its positive participation. A culture of democracy and transparency is evident. There was a high involvement of national institutions of higher learning. None interference in the process by government has also encouraged more participation by all including opposition political parties, judiciary, parliament, NGOs, FBOs, etc.

Way Forward/ Challenges

Continued Government of Lesotho’s financial and material support for the implementation of the NPoA is critical. Also critical is the mobilization of donor support e.g ACBF, GTZ, UNDP. The on-going citizen participation through workshops for all stakeholders countrywide, radio and TV programmes as well as newspapers, should be sustained.

Peer Review of Lesotho

The date for the peer review of Lesotho is 30th June, 2009 at the 11th APRM Forum of Participating Heads of State and Government in Sirte, Libya.